Cancer is the degeneration of one type of cell within an organism into something anarchistically powerful, and nasty… As this new cell-form uncontrollably proliferates and embeds itself in a tissue host, a tumor is born. When tumor cells later spread, the prognosis for its victim rapidly diminishes, a process known as metastasis. Detected at an early stage, cancer can be benign and solvable…but once metastases appear the challenge becomes a whole new (depressingly difficult) ball-game.
The “traditional” ways to tackle cancer are chemotherapy (‘chemo’) and radiotherapy. One big problem with these techniques, is the lack of specificity as chemo and radiotherapies are targeting cancer cells, but also healthy cells.